Vasti Ganatri 2021 Gujarat Date Paripatra
In India, the population Census is a Union subject (Article 246) and is listed at serial number 69 of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution. The Census Act, 1948 forms the legal basis for conduct of Censuses in independent India. Although the Census Act is an instrument of Central legislation, in the scheme of its execution the state governments provide the administrative support for the actual conduct of the Census. A Census hierarchy is set up at all levels by the state specifically for the purposes of carrying out the census. The Census Organization under the Union Home Ministry has been functioning on a permanent footing ever since 1961 and provides a vital continuity to conceive, plan and implement the programme of census taking in the country. The organization headed by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India has field offices in thirty States and Union territories. These are permanent Directorates headed by the Directors of Census Operations, who are mainly responsible for the conduct of Census in their respective jurisdiction.
Census 2011
The 2011 Census was the 15th decennial Census of India since 1872 when the first systematic Census was conducted throughout the country as per uniform pattern. This was the 7th successive exercise conducted after Independence. Census Operations in India is the biggest administrative exercise undertaken the World over. Census count is intended to cater to the growing needs of the Planners, Demographers, Scholars and Administrators. Unlike Surveys, which depend on a given sample size, the Census provides the only reliable and authentic data, available for the entire population at a single point of reference.

The Census of India 2011 has been conducted in two phases, namely i) Houselisting and Housing Census and ii) Population Enumeration. The first phase of the Census was conducted in the period April to September, 2010 in different States/Union Territories depending upon local conditions. In Gujarat, first phase of the Census has been conducted from 21st April to 4th June, 2010. The field work of the second phase (Population Enumeration) has been carried out during February-March, 2011 in all States/UTs.
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The Census of India, 2011, is a historic and epoch making Census being the second Census of the twenty first century and of the third millennium. It will throw up benchmark data on the state of abundant human resources habitating our country, their demography, culture and economic structure at a juncture which marks the transition from one century and millennium to the next. Thus, the Census of India, 2011, can be aptly termed as the Millennium Census.

Vasti Ganatri 2021 Gujarat Date Paripatra
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The earliest references of Census taking in India can be traced back to the Mauryan period in Kautilya’s ‘Arthshastra’ (321-296 BC) and later during the Mughal period in ‘Aian-e-Akbari’. A systematic and modern population Census, in its present scientific form was conducted non-synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of country. This effort culminating in 1872 has been popularly labelled as the first population Census. However, the first synchronous Census in India was held in 1881. Since then, Censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten year. The Census of India, 2011, is the fifteen Census in this continuous series as reckoned from 1872 and the seventh since independence.